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Scientific evidence has no universally accepted definition but generally refers to evidence which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis. Such evidence is generally expected to be empirical and properly documented in accordance with scientific method.

In terms of the School Overnight Program, evidence is something students can collect to support their views of the world. Gathering evidence is a skill that can be honed at IslandWood by allowing children the opportunity to explore and question. Field groups can collect evidence together or debate among each other whether the evidence is valid: Was it collected in a scientific way? Does it logically support the conclusion? Could it lead to some other conclusion?

Using scientic vocabularly helps students connect what they learn in the classroom with what they experience in nature. Instead of asking simply "Why" they belive as they do, instructors can ask for evidence to support their claim.