Garden Each One Teach One

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Lesson Summary

Students will be able to become familiar with common and not-so-common cultivated edible crops in the Teaching Garden. By the end of the E1T1, they should earn knowledge of their plant and hopefully that of the others their peers introduced. 


Students will be able to:

  • Learn science and cultural information by teaching it to other students. 
  • Identify at least two plants and share one way each is used


  • As each student trickles in from the each one teach one, ask him/her what he/she learned from someone else during the activity. Also, this exercise could utilize student journaling to see if they all wrote information correctly in their journals.

Age group: 4th-6th

Venue/s  : Garden

(best to have only one team in Garden at time)


File:Garden e1t1.pdf

Designed to be printed double sided -flipping along the side - and then cut in half.

Time: 40 hour

Set up: None

The Lesson Plan


"Today, you are going to become a professor about part of the ecosystem here. This will help you understand the parts of the ecosystem and how they are all connected. To help you remember, you will be able to write the information down in your journals on page 2."


  1. At the enterance to the Garden (Cabbage Foundation) explain that you will go up the path and, after two or three minutes, the first student (S1) will leave to meet you. When the student joins you, you will tell him what he is professor of plant X and you will give him a card to help him remember his part. You will leave him stationed there while you go to the next spot.
  2. Then to signal that it is time to rotate you can ring a bell or make a coyote call. The second student (S2) will leave, after two or three minutes, and meet the first student. S1 will teach S2 his plant. S2 will then go to the teacher to learn her part and be stationed. S3 will leave, after the rotation signal, to learn from S1, S2, and then the teacher.
  3. Everyone stays in his or her position until the chaperone comes to his/her spot. The chaperone will learn from S1, then stand in S1's position until signaled while S1 goes through each student's station. Then the chaperone will go to S2, learn from S2, and then stand in S2's position for two minutes while S2 goes to each station.
  4. This will continue until evey student has gone through everyone's station and the chaperone will be the last to arrive with the group.(Description of the general process, with animation, on the E1T1 page.)
  5. Explain that everyone will teach and everyone will learn all the selected plants in the garden. When walking, no one should be walking with someone else. If they are too close to the person in front of them, stop and wait quietly.

Here's a short video showing the lesson in operation

Discussion Questions to enhance learning:

  • What is something new you learned?
  • Did anyone taste something new?
  • What plants are native and what were brought to the US by people?
  • How do we as humans affect ecosystems with our food choices?
  • What do the plants have in common? What makes them different?


Once the activity is over, you can have each study share something new they learned. You can connect the learning to previous lessons (LAWS, cultural, etc.). You can transition into a "tasting tour" and have the students share what they remember as you try plants or collect plants for tea or snack making.

Safety Consideration:

Review rules about only eating what instructors have approved and warn against over-consumption (with stewardship or use the old "it'll give you diarrhea trick").

Also review Garden rules about staying off blocks that line beds and not walking through garden beds.


Adapting the Ethnobotany Each one Teach one

Related Garden Lessons

Created by Dave Gifford on June 2013