Mushrooms

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Mushrooms

Mushrooms are the above ground fruit bodies of fungi. The fungus produce a microscopic cobbwebby matrial called mycelia. The mycelia is a network of fungi living underground that can cover an area of hundreds of acers. Until these fungi produce their fruiting body, they undetected by the human eye.   They consist of cap, steam, gills and spores. The spores are what fungi use to reproduce.  The three categories that mushrooms fall into regarding their role in the ecosystem are mycorrhizal (the mycelium connect to plant roots and exchange minerals and water for sugar), saphrophytic (mushrooms that feed on dead things, usually wood), or parasitic (mushrooms that take nutrients from a host, sometimes killing the host).


Some examples of Mushrooms found at IslandWood are:

Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria)

Witches Butter (Tremella mesenterica)

Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus)

Sulfur Tuft (Hypholoma Fasciculare)

Puffball (Basidiomycetes)